Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Alfonso Garcia Robles to highlight Christie’s April auction – New York – 28.04.2017 – 7513



The Nobel Peace Prize Medal awarded in 1982 to Alfonso Garcia Robles (1911-1991), driving force behind the Treaty of Tlatelolco that made Latin America and the Caribbean a nuclear-free zone. 18 carat gold, 2.5 inches (66 mm.) diameter Estimate: $400,000 to $600,000. © Christie’s Images Limited 2017.
Christie’s announced that the Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Alfonso Garcia Robles in 1982 for his pioneering work in nuclear disarmament will be offered for auction. Garcia Robles was the driving force behind the Treaty of Tlatelolco, opened for signing 50 years ago on February 14, 1967, and significant for keeping Latin America and the Caribbean nuclear-free to this day. The Nobel Peace Prize medal is 18 carat gold and 2.5 inches diameter, estimated at $400,000 – $600,000, and will be included in The Exceptional Sale on April 28 in New York.“We are thrilled and honored to be offering this tangible symbol of mankind’s struggle for peace,” remarks Becky MacGuire, specialist of The Exceptional Sale. “In 1962 Alfonso Garcia Robles watched the Cuban missile crisis unfold a mere 1,500 miles off Mexico, and he resolved to put an end to the horrific nuclear threat for his beloved country and the entire region. His unwavering dedication to the cause of disarmament resulted in the groundbreaking Treaty that did end that threat. The Nobel Peace Prize honoring Garcia Robles reminds us of the very best in humanity, just as great, transformative works of art do.”

The Treaty of Tlatelolco was the first disarmament agreement covering a populous region of the world, preceded only by a 1962 agreement covering Antarctica. The Treaty remains an influential model to this day with pioneering verification measures and a protocol ratified by the United States, Russia and the other nuclear nations at that time. Known as “Mr. Disarmament”, Garcia Robles was a delegate to the 1945 San Francisco conference that established the UN, a Mexican ambassador to Brazil, Mexico’s ambassador to the UN and Foreign Minister of Mexico before becoming Mexico’s permanent representative to the UN Committee on Disarmament.

Sotheby’s to sell Gerald Scarfe collection of political cartoons – London – 05.04.2017 – 7512


Gerald Scarfe, Famous old bag, 336 by 353mm, pen, ink and watercolour drawing. Estimate: £2,000-3,000. Photo: Sotheby’s.
Collectors will have the opportunity to acquire their own piece of political and cultural history in April, when over 130 drawings by the foremost caricaturist and cartoonist of our age, Gerald Scarfe (b. 1936), will be offered for sale at Sotheby’s in London.Continuing a tradition of uncompromising satire dating back to Hogarth and Gillray, Scarfe has pushed the boundaries of caricature for more than five decades, delivering provocative portraits of the foremost politicians and statesmen of our age, from Winston Churchill to Theresa May. Together, they tell the history of over half a century of political intrigue and seismic change.

Scarfe’s no-holds-barred approach in his contributions for Private Eye and The New Yorker, and as The Sunday Times’ political cartoonist for more than 50 years, has secured him a place on the list of the most 40 important newspaper journalists of the modern era.

While many of the drawings included in the auction have been published, a number of works included in the sale are unseen, revealing the most private views of the artist.

Gerald Scarfe said: “I feel it’s the duty of an artist to re-interpret the world and to freshen our stale vision, making us see what we hadn’t realised was there. What I’m trying to do is simply to bring out their essential characteristics. I find a particular delight in taking the caricature as far as I can.

I have always drawn, ever since I could hold a pencil. As a young child I was a chronic asthmatic and spent long periods bedridden either at home or in hospital and I drew. Drawing became my way of communicating. It became my way of exorcising my fears, and that still applies today.

My drawings are of course very personal acts made in the privacy of my own home, but when they leave my hands they escape into hundreds of thousands of copies and may be seen by millions of people. I don’t think about that when I make the drawing – it’s just between my imagination and that piece of paper – but if a drawing is particularly ferocious or overtly sexual and someone looks at it in my presence I have to admit to sometimes feeling shy; I feel so personally about it it’s almost like undressing in public. To me these are not only drawings, they are memories, and mark particular moments in my life.”

The royal family and countless celebrities have not escaped Scarfe’s pen, with portraits of the Queen, the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, David Beckham and Mick Jagger accompanying over 70 political caricatures in this sale.

The star lot is a historic drawing of Winston Churchill showing the elderly statesman’s final appearance in the House of Commons in 1964. Scarfe had been commissioned by The Times to record the occasion, but his image was deemed too controversial to publish. In the artist’s own words ‘…The Times refused to print my drawing, saying that Churchill’s wife, Clementine, would be upset when the paper dropped through the letter-box in the morning.’ Less than six months later Churchill was dead, and the image appeared on Private Eye’s cover. Until recently, the drawing has been on exhibition at Portcullis House, House of Commons.

There are also examples of Gerald Scarfe’s film work for Disney’s Hercules, for which he was the external design consultant, and for Pink Floyd the Wall – a project that Scarfe happened upon by chance when members of the band saw his work on television and decided “We’ve got to work with this guy, he’s f***ing mad”. Their long-term, highly-acclaimed collaboration on stage shows, album and subsequent film continues to the present day.

Finally, the sale also reveals Scarfe’s theatre work. A serendipitous meeting with director Sir Peter Hall led to an invitation for him to work on a musical, two West End farces and a production of The Magic Flute for Los Angeles opera. Works showing illustrations for The Nutcracker, Fantastic Mr Fox and The Magic Flute are all included in the sale.

Dr Philip W. Errington, Sotheby’s Specialist in Books and Manuscripts said: “Over the past months, spent working alongside Gerald preparing for this sale, I’ve been struck by his consummate skill and artistry. Sometimes he treats his subjects with gentle amusement, at other times he presents a full-blown, biting critique. These drawings pack a significant punch. The works selected range from Disney to Pink Floyd, from Thatcher to May, Reagan to Obama, and Yes Minister to The Magic Flute. There is truly an eclectic mix, spanning his entire half-century career. The sharp, steel-nib of our greatest living caricaturist demonstrates time and time again his pedigree with Hogarth, Cruikshank and Gillray.”

The auction, “Scarfe at Sotheby’s” will take place on 5 April 2017. The sale will be preceded by an exhibition at Sotheby’s, 34-35 New Bond Street, London, from Saturday 1 April – Tuesday 4 April.

A Dogon masterpiece to be offered at Christie’s Paris – 20170404 – 7511


The Rasmussen-de Havenon Dogon mask, Mali, 17th-18th century. Estimate: €2,500,000-3,500,000. © Christie’s Images Limited 2017.

Christie’s France will offer at auction on 4th April, the Rasmussen-de Havenon Dogon mask which stayed in private hands for more than twenty years. This exceptional mask was discovered in the 1950s through a network of African merchants, including Mamadou Sylla in Bamako, one of the most important amongst them. In the mid-1950s, Sylla sold it to one of the most significant merchant of the Parisian marketplace: René Rasmussen. His friend Gaston de Havenon became as passionate of African Art thanks to his several business trips to Paris, which enabled him to discover the famous Parisian art galleries including those of René Rasmussen and Robert Duperrier. It was only a few years later, in the early 1960s, that Gaston de Havenon managed to acquire the famous mask that he will keep in his collection throughout his life. One year after his death, in 1994, his fabulous collection was sold at Drouot. At that time, the Dogon mask appeared on both sides of the sale catalogue celebrating this masterpiece beautifully. It was acquired by a private American collector and stayed in the same family until this day.Susan Kloman, International Director of the department: “This is an incredibly exciting moment for the art market and Paris to witness the return of this iconic masterpiece. This archaic mask in a unique style by a master sculptor of the 18th century Dogon, who could rival his Western contemporaries Bernini or later Rodin in originality and quiet power. It is an indelible work appearing in all of the major references on African art. Our offering this April represents only the second time in a century the work has been available at auction”.

The Primordial Couple
The Rasmussen – de Havenon mask has always impressed by its exceptional iconography: unlike the satimbe masks whose female figure on top is generally standing the woman in the present case is laying on her knees while striding a male face. The subject of the kneeling woman is very common in Dogon art and has its origin in a ritual posture that has been photographed and documented by Griaule during funerals where the widow and the sisters of the deceased would kneel down in front of his house (M. Griaule, Masques Dogon, 1938, p. 291, ill. 50). “It is a sacred gesture to be found throughout Kagoro art and in terracotta statuary from the inland Niger delta” (de Grunne, 1994; for a detailed discussion B. de Grunne, Ancient Sculpture of the Inland Niger Delta and Its Influence on Dogon Art, African Arts, vol. 21, 4, 1988). In reference to the motif of Yasigine, the primordial woman, it is clear that the duality femalemale of the present mask can be interpreted as the primordial couple, a concept so central in Dogon cosmogony: “The celestial powers themselves were two, and in their earthly manifestations they would act as a couple: the Lébé and the Seventh Nommo formed a living couple; the ancestors of the great mask and the seat-of-the-mask were an ancestral couple.”(Griaule, 1948, p. 188).

As de Grunne remarks though, “this object remains unique in its style in the known corpus of Dogon masks” (de Grunne, idem). This uniqueness is due mainly to the great age of this mask – this mask is considered the “last object witnessing a type of mask for which today no other illustration survives.”

In Dogon art sacred objects, to which the permanent masks of the Dama and Sigi belong, were hidden in the caves of the cliff to be protected against the intrusion of the non-initiated. They were preserved in sacred spaces where sacrifices and libations were regularly poured upon them. The black and thick patina of this mask indicates a long ritual use for several generations.

Gaston de Havenon (1904 – 1993)
Born in Tunisia he emigrated to the United States at the age of twenty. He was an important businessman and founder of a major cosmetics and perfumes company. As a friend of many artists of the prewar period such as Soutine, Gorky or Noguchi he became passionate about their art and collected their works. Later on, as the eclectic and enthusiastic collector of unquenched curiosity he was, and thanks to his friend Eliot Elisofon, he fell passionately in love with African art. During his business trips to Paris he discovered the galleries of René Rasmussen and Robert Duperrier in Saint-Germain-des-Près.

Both gentleman-dealers quickly became friends and both proved indispensable in allowing him to build a fantastic collection. His collection was sold one year after his death. On that occasion, now remembered as a mythical event of the time, the Dogon mask, prominent on both the front and back of the sale catalogue, was celebrated as its absolute highlight and star.

PIASA announces 20th century, works on paper sale – Paris – 28.03.2017 – 7510

Gustav Klimt (1862-1918), Sitzende mit gerafftem Rock, circa 1910. Lead and colour pencil on paper – 56 x 37 cm. Provenance : Georg Klimt Collection, Wien; Private collection (Acquired from Georg Klimt in 1927); Private collection, Paris. Estimate: 90 000 / 120 000 €.
On 28 March 2017 PIASA will hold the first of three auctions devoted to modern and contemporary art entitled Pop, Artists’ Ceramics & 20th Century Works on Paper. To coincide with Paris ‘Drawings Week,’ with its Salon du Dessin and the fair Drawing Now, PIASA’s sale of works on paper will include nearly 200 drawings, led by two bewitching works by Henri Matisse and Gustav Klimt.Henri Matisse: Nadia
The young Nadia Sednaoui was presented to Henri Matisse in 1948 by his son-in-law Georges Duthuit, who had spotted her in the street. She was born in Egypt and physically inspiring, with a perfect oval face and bright eyes that lit up her copper complexion. A special affection developed between the artist and his model over the course of their weekly encounters during Matisse’s final years. His portraits of Nadia count among his most famous graphic works, with several of his ink drawings of her giving rise to series of aquatints. The model was often tenderly described in the title as possessing a ‘sharp profile,’ ‘pointed chin’ or ‘serious look.’This is one of the two Matisse drawings of Nadia in charcoal, and is later than most of his drawings of her, which date from 1948/9. This one, in a way, sums them all up: Nadia is shown in three-quarter profile, with a cheeky nose and fleshy lips. Above all, Matisse brings to life her burning pupils – not round, but outlined with assertive hatching that resembles bolts of lightning spearing off the paper into the viewer’s eyes.Gustav Klimt, Sitzende mit gerafftem Rock
The presence of women is preponderant in the works of Gustav Klimt. The majority of his iconic paintings and drawings are veritable odes to femininity.When we think of the Vienna Secession in terms of eroticism, his friend Egon Schiele springs more readily to mind. Yet Klimt was in the habit of first painting his models as nudes before adding clothes. In his drawings, especially, Klimt liked to feature women in a state of abandon, offering up their most intimate nudity to artist and viewer in a moment of absence or forgetfulness – invariably with their eyes closed and their head thrown back or, as in this drawing, to one side.

This exciting alternative version of Klimt’s famous Sitzende mit Gerafftem Rock (‘Nude in Silk Stockings on a Stool’), now in Vienna’s Leopold Museum, showcases his graphic vocabulary: sophisticated pose, insistent verticality, Oriental-patterned fabric…. But a key difference, compared to the drawing in Vienna, is the position of the model – shown with her legs folded back under her arms, on which she rests her face, thereby offering even more of her intimacy to the artist’s implacable pencil.

In 2012 the Leopold Museum – which holds one of the largest collections of works by Klimt – marked the 150th anniversary of his birth with an exhibition of his ‘intimate works.’ Nude in Silk Stockings on a Stool was one of the talking-points.

Bonhams to offer the Hablech Collection from the family’s Welsh seat – London – 29.03.2017 – 7509



Plautus (Titus Maccius) Comoediae XX, Paris, Robert Estienne, 1530. Photo: Bonhams.
Bonhams is to offer the contents of Glyn Cywarch, the Welsh seat of Jasset Ormsby Gore, the 7th Baron Harlech. The Contents of Glyn Cywarch – the property of Lord Harlech will take place at Bonhams, New Bond Street, London on 29 March 2017. The sale comprises more than 400 items ranging from important furniture, Old Master paintings, a historic library, antique jewellery, silver and works of art and even a vintage motor car and motorcycle.

The sale is being held to raise funds for the restoration of Glyn Cywarch (known as Glyn) which Lord Harlech inherited on the death of his father in February 2016. As he explains, “Bonhams’ sale provides us with an exciting opportunity to realise important funds to help restore this historic house back to its magnificent best.”Lord Harlech has put his career in film production on hold to concentrate on Glyn. ”Just as my family collected fine art and antiques over the generations, it now feels the right time to find a new generation of collectors to enjoy them, as we undertake the important job of looking after Glyn. It’s a big undertaking, but we’ll get it done.”

Among the leading items in the sale are:

• A set of seven George III giltwood framed open armchairs in the manner of Robert Adam with 18th century gros and petit point needlework upholstered backs arms and seats each illustrating a different Aesop fable. (£50,000-80,000).
• A historic library including personally inscribed manuscripts by Jackie Kennedy attesting to the family’s close friendship with President John F. Kennedy.
• Daniel Quigley (British, early 18th century) ‘The Godolphin Arabian’ – the horse that fathered the modern thoroughbred bloodstock, extensively inscribed with history of the stallion and its offspring, £15,000-20,000
• A rare pair of late 16th/early 17th century oak three-tier buffets, circa 1600 estimated at (£35,000-45,000).
• Painting by Jan Frans van Bloemen called Orizonte. A Classical Landscape with Three Figures Seated Conversing, Two Men Fishing in the River, an Idealised Town and Mountain Landscape Beyond (£25,000-35,000)
• A ‘barn find’ 1936 Lagonda Rapier 1,098 cc sports tourer (£20,000-25,000)
• A diamond riviere necklace set with 56 old cushion-cut diamonds and a 19th century diamond set pendant. (£18,000-22,000)

Glyn Cywarch is a Grade II*-listed estate in Talsarnau, Gwynedd, Wales, with beginnings as early as the 156h century, when it belonged to the Wynn family. The house passed by marriage to the Owen family and came, again by marriage into the possession of the Ormsby, and later Ormsby Gore family in the 19th century, when it was restored and developed. An ambitious gentry house of renaissance character built in Welsh stone with a slate roof, the interior boasts striking original 17th century detail, including fine Jacobean features, spectacular paneling, and opulent fireplaces. It is set in 4,200 acres of rolling grounds.

Bonhams, founded in 1793, is one of the world’s largest auctioneers of fine art and antiques. Today, the auction house offers more sales than any of its rivals. The main salerooms are in London, New York and Hong Kong. Sales are also held in the UK in Knightsbridge and Edinburgh; in the US, in San Francisco and Los Angeles; in Europe, in Paris and Stuttgart and in Sydney, Australia. Bonhams also has a worldwide network of offices and regional representatives in 25 countries offering sales advice and valuation services in 60 specialist areas.

Unsseen Jackie Kennedy letters to British aristocrat revealed for the first time at Bonhams – London – 29.03.2017 – 7502



Jackie writes about devastating pain following JFK’s assassination. Photo: Bonhams.

Heartfelt personal letters from Jackie Kennedy to David Ormsby Gore (the 5th Lord Harlech), Britain’s Ambassador in the USA during the Kennedy Presidency are to be sold at The Contents of Glyn Cywarch – the Property of Lord Harlech Sale at Bonhams in London on Wednesday 29 March on behalf of Jasset, 7th Lord Harlech. They reveal for the first time that Ormsby Gore proposed marriage to Jackie Kennedy, why she turned him down and why, shortly afterwards, she married Aristotle Onassis.The letters form part of a cache of papers that have been locked away unseen in two despatch boxes at Glyn Cywarch, the Harlech family house, since Lord Harlech’s death in 1985, including personal correspondence from President Kennedy and from British Prime Ministers, Harold Macmillan, Sir Alec Douglas-Home and Harold Wilson. The archive is estimated at £100,000-150,000.

Bonhams Head of Fine Books and Manuscripts in the UK, Matthew Haley said, “For decades, biographers have speculated on the precise relationship between Jackie Kennedy and David Ormsby Gore. These letters now show without doubt how close they came to marriage and why Jackie decided to marry Onassis instead. The correspondence has been sitting in two official red Government despatch boxes for more than 40 years. The keys were nowhere to be found and in the end we had to call a locksmith to slice through the locks. It was one of those astonishing moments when you can’t quite believe what you’re seeing.”

The 18 handwritten and one typed letters from Jackie Kennedy to David Ormsby Gore, 5th Lord Harlech, cover her days as First Lady from the assassination of President Kennedy until her marriage to Onassis in October 1968. They show a warm and very close relationship which deepened during 1967 after the tragic death in a car accident of Lord Harlech’s wife, Sissy, in May of that year. At the time, Jackie Kennedy wrote to him movingly, “Your last letter was such a cri de coeur of loneliness – I would do anything to take that anguish from you – You want to patch the wounds & match the loose pairs – but you can’t because your life won’t turn out that way.”

During the following months, the two spent an increasing amount of time together, often on private holidays, and in February 1968 Harlech proposed marriage. Among the newly discovered documents is a draft of his wounded response to her rejection of the proposal.

“All the pathetic plans I had brought with me for visits to Cyrenaica, holidays near one another and a whole variety of solutions to our marriage problem, including one for a secret marriage this summer – plans which I saw us eagerly discussing, calmly and with complete frankness as we did at the Cape and in Cambodia for the next wonderful ten days – all had become irrelevant trash to be thrown away within a few hours of my landing in New York. As for your photograph I weep when I look at it. Why do such agonizing things have to happen? Where was the need for it? I have tried for hours and hours to understand your explanation and I suppose I do in a way, without agreeing with it; but what I find unbearable and in a way, dearest Jackie, untrue is that you could come to such a categorical conclusion…”

Her reply to him, is tender and soothing. “We have known so much & shared & lost so much together – Even if it isn’t the way you wish now – I hope that bond of love and pain will never be cut… You are like my beloved beloved brother – and mentor – and the only original spirit I know – as you were to Jack.”

In June of that year Robert Kennedy was assassinated while seeking the Democratic Party nomination for the Presidency. Harlech was one of the pall bearers at the funeral. Shortly after the suppression of the Prague Spring by Soviet Forces in August, Jackie wrote to Harlech lamenting the state of the world, “I thought your speech about Czechoslovakia so beautiful – it brought tears to my eyes – Reading it you cant believe that the same things are being said – or rather done – all over again – and that as before, it is England who is the bravest… Ones private despair is so trivial now – because wherever you look there is nothing to not despair over – I keep thinking of what Jack used to say – ‘that every man can make a difference & that every man should try.”

In the final letter written from Aristotle Onassis’s yacht Christina, Jackie tries to explain why she had married the billionaire Greek shipping magnate, “You and I have shared so many lives and deaths and hopes and pain – we will share them forever and be forever bound together by them… If ever I can find some healing and some comfort – it has to be with someone who is not a part of all my world of past and pain – I can find that now – if the world will let us.”

Jasset, Lord Harlech, the grandson of David Ormsby Gore, said “Though he sadly passed away before I was born, I knew even from an early age that my grandfather had been British Ambassador to the United States. There is much history that binds the Kennedys and the Ormsby Gores together. The more I read or was told about David by other relatives, the more I wanted to know. He seems to have been a most insightful and intelligent man. He had a career spanning military service, politics and diplomacy; he set up his own television station and was chairman of the British Board of Film Classification; all impressive in their own right, but I am told his greatest attributes were his thoughtfulness, charm, and sense of morality.”

Political letters revealed for first time in the Ormsby Gore despatch box
The strong personal and family links between John Kennedy and David Ormsby Gore influenced the decision of British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan to appoint the latter, a non-career diplomat, as Ambassador to Washington in 1960. (Ormsby Gore assumed the title of Lord Harlech in 1964 on the death of his father, a year before he ceased to be ambassador). Robert Kennedy described Ormsby Gore as being “almost a part of the government”, recalling that his brother the President “would rather have his judgment than that of almost anybody else… He’d rather have… his ideas, his suggestions and recommendations than even anybody in our own government.” This became especially important during the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962.

A handwritten letter from Kennedy to Ormsby Gore in the cache attests to this closeness. “…I appreciate as you know, in all these critical matters your judgement – which I have found to be uniformly good and true. The P.M was excellent this week – I do not like these stories which have as their object a disparagement of the real value of our alliance. I am sure Your government knows better”

Harold Macmillan had equal faith in Ormsby Gore’s abilities, writing to him after his first year as Ambassador, ““I think your position is really something unique in the annals of the British Embassy in Washington and we are all really grateful for what you are doing”.

Other letters in the archive include:

• a note from Prince Philip’s uncle Lord Mountbatten promoting a film he wanted to be shown at the White House;

• a letter from Sir Alec Douglas-Home shortly after he succeeded MacMillan as Prime Minister in September 1963, “This is an unexpected responsibility, but I shall do my best. You know what a great help you are in Washington.”

• and a note from the private secretary to UK Prime Minister Harold Wilson who came to power in 1964, passing on Wilson’s request to prevent his notoriously erratic Foreign Secretary, George Brown, from meeting President Lyndon B. Johnson (who succeeded John Kennedy at US President in 1963).

Harvey Cammell, Deputy Chairman of Bonhams UK said, “Of all the many discoveries we have made in this wonderful collection, the Kennedy Harlech papers are surely the most remarkable. I am expecting unprecedented interest in this unique auction, the contents of which has kept our team enthralled since our first visit to this incredibly beautiful and historic house. It is, without doubt, one of the most fascinating private collections to come on the market in recent times.”

David Ormsby Gore, 5th Baron Harlech
David Ormsby Gore was born in 1918. Educated at Eton and New College Oxford, he was elected to Parliament in 1950. He held a number of Government Ministerial positions in the Foreign Office, but resigned in 1961 in order to take up the post of British Ambassador to the United States. He became the 5th Lord Harlech on the death of his father in 1964. After his return to the UK in 1965, he had a successful career in television, founding the independent TV company, HTV. Lord Harlech died from injuries sustained in a car accident in 1985. Senator Edward Kennedy, Jacqueline Onassis and other Kennedy family members attended his funeral.

Spink announces fifth sale of the Lord Stewartby collection – London – 28.03.2017 – 7501


A Henry VIII (1509-47), third coinage, Groat, Tower mint, m.m. lis (over annulet on obverse), HENRIC 8 DI G AGL FRA Z HIB REX, broken saltire stops, crowned facing large bust 2, rev. POSVI DEV ADIVTORE MEV, trefoil stops, long cross over shield, pellet in annulet in forks and very rare with this initial mark. Estimate: £200-250.
Spink announced that it will be seeing spring in with a host of coin auctions in March in London and New York. There will be two auctions in Spink USA and two in Spink London, one of which is the fifth and much awaited part of the Academic Collection of Lord Stewartby. This portion will focus on his assorted Tudor and Stuart coins. There are many superb and intriguing pieces bound to attract furious bidding on the 28th March 2017.

One of these choice pieces is lot 1712, an Edward VI (1547-53), Shilling from 1549 minted in Canterbury. It is from an m.m. G die. Dies m.m. G were prepared for use at York under George Gale, but not used. They are encountered overmarked for use at other mints, in this case Canterbury under William Tyllsworth. For collectors with an interest in mint oddities, this will prove a very popular item for its rarity and attractiveness. Lot 1712, estimated: £200-250Another item with an interesting minting quirk is lot 1641, a Henry VIII (1509-47), third coinage, Groat, Tower mint, m.m. lis (over annulet on obverse), HENRIC 8 DI G AGL FRA Z HIB REX, broken saltire stops, crowned facing large bust 2, rev. POSVI DEV ADIVTORE MEV, trefoil stops, long cross over shield, pellet in annulet in forks and very rare with this initial mark.

It is unclear whether the obverse mintmark is over a simple annulet, or a pellet in annulet. Although the latter is seen on Testoons, neither mark is known on the Groats of this period and so may be unintentional. Lot 1641, estimated: £200-250

Last but not least, mention must be madde of lot 1800, the beautiful Charles I (1625-49) Crown chosen to adorn the front of the catalogue. An exceptionally attractive coin sure to ignite bidding from the room, phones and internet. Lot 1800, estimated: £2,500-3,000

A rare 1684 violin by Antonio Stradivari to be offered at Sotheby’s London -28.03.2017 – 7500


Played by world leading musicians including acclaimed German violinist Frank Peter Zimmermann. Photo: Sotheby’s.

On 28 March 2017, specialist musical instruments auctioneers Ingles & Hayday will offer a rare 1684 violin known as the Ex-Croall; McEwen by Antonio Stradivari (1644-1737) for an estimate of £1.3 – 2 million/ HK$12-19 million. Stradivari’s name has become synonymous with perfection in the field of musical instruments. Considered by leading authority W.E. Hill & Sons as a fine example of Antonio Stradivari’s violins from the 1680s, the instrument represents a key stage in the development of the luthier’s distinctive style. The auction will take place at Sotheby’s New Bond Street galleries in London.Stradivari’s output during his long career included only approximately 1,000 instruments, with only approximately 500 or so violins surviving today, and the majority of which are in private collections or museums. The violins from the 1680s are the first ones built on a larger, broader model and which are considered suitable for concert/solo use. The Ex-Croall; McEwen violin, in excellent condition and bearing an original label, has a back crafted from a single piece of maple with irregular flame and Stradivari’s trademark golden varnish.

Antonio Stradivari – An Unparalleled Genius
For some 200 years, Antonio Stradivari has been recognised as the greatest violin maker of all. Born in Cremona, northern Italy, around 1644, Stradivari made his first violin in 1666 and his developments in violin design, combined with excellent workmanship and superb materials, produced instruments that, both tonally and aesthetically, have never been surpassed.

Building on skills acquired during his apprenticeship, Stradivari began to alter established techniques and to challenge some aspects of traditional design. He improved the arching and fine-tuned the thickness of the wood; transformed the shape of the scroll, the varnish became more highly coloured and the tone more powerful. At the time the Ex-Croall; McEwen was produced, Stradivari’s reputation was spreading further afield and he was also establishing a name for himself in his native Cremona, later to become known as the centre of violin making.

Impeccable Provenance
The Ex-Croall; McEwen has a long documented history, passing through the hands of many titled owners. The first traceable owner of the violin was Mary Elizabeth Nina Townsend, or Countess Seafield, wife of Scottish nobleman James Olgivie-Grant, 11th Earl of Seafield.

In 1885/1886, the violin was sold to a Mr. William Croall, the son of a wealthy family of carriage makers; Croall was an active participant in Edinburgh’s musical scene and was known for his collection of fine stringed instruments which included several Stradivaris. In 1906, the violin was sold to his friend Frederick Smith, another collector of great violins. It then landed in the hands of distinguished violin dealers W.E. Hill & Sons who soon found a buyer, another Scotsman, named Mr. R.F. McEwen. By 1968, the violin found its way into the possession of the Countess of Scarborough, who put it up for auction at Sotheby’s on 19th December of that year. The winning bidder was Mr. F. Mitchell who purchased the violin for the sum of £9,500, and he later sold it to the Swiss luthier, Henry Werro of Bern. In 1995, the violin was acquired by the Westdeutsche Landesbank of Düsseldorf as part of their collection.

World-class Players
The Ex-Croall; McEwen has been played by some of the world’s leading musicians, most notably by acclaimed German violinist Frank Peter Zimmermann between 1985 and 1990. Other notable performers who have played the instrument include the young German talents Alexander Gilman and Suyoen Kim

Phillips to offer The Odyssey of Collecting: Property from Joy of Giving Something Foundation – New York – 03&04-04.2017 – 7485



Alfred Stieglitz, The Terminal, New York, 1893. Estimate: $120,000-180,000. Photo courtesy Phillips.
Phillips announced three upcoming auctions of The Odyssey of Collecting: Property from Joy of Giving Something Foundation . Over 470 lots from this world-renowned collection of photographs will be on offer in an Evening Sale on 3 April and two Day Sales on 4 April and 3 October. Spanning three centuries of photography, the collection assembled by Joy of Giving Something’s (JGS) founder Howard Stein presents rare and unique works by true masters of the medium. Included in the highlights are photographs by Eugène Atget, Edward Steichen, Imogen Cunningham, Robert Frank, and László Moholy-Nagy, among many others. In advance of the auctions, selections from the collection will tour internationally to London, Paris, San Francisco, and Los Angeles. The Odyssey of Collecting: Property from Joy of Giving Something Foundation is expected to realize a combined total in excess of $10 million, the highest value for a collection of photographs to be offered by Phillips.
Vanessa Hallett, Phillips’ Worldwide Head of Photographs and Deputy Chairman, Americas, said, “We at Phillips are honored to have the privilege of working with Joy of Giving Something Foundation and their world-class collection of photographs. It is extremely rare to be presented with a collection as historically important, as rich, or as encompassing as that acquired by Howard Stein and we are delighted to share these works with collectors and photographs enthusiasts, alike.”The Collector Joy of Giving Something Foundation was founded in 1998 by the late financier and pioneering New York-based collector Howard Stein. Stein began acquiring photography in the 1980s, eventually forming one of the most comprehensive collections in private hands, spanning the 19th through 21st centuries. Devoted to the field of photography, he established the non-profit foundation to consider the relationship of photography to social issues and to support emerging artists and advance the arts in education. Stein gifted the majority of his personal collection to the organization to help fulfill its mission. In addition to publishing fine art books and journals, JGS has established annual scholarships for students pursuing post-secondary degrees in the visual arts, and has launched afterschool photography programs for youth throughout New York City. Works from the JGS collection have been loaned to major museums across the globe. An initial auction of works from the JGS collection, 175 Masterworks to Celebrate 175
Years of Photography , realized over $21 million in 2014, the highest total for an auction of photographs.Christopher Mahoney, Consultant, Phillips’ Photographs Department, said, “The strength of the Joy of Giving Something Foundation’s collection is its inclusiveness. Mr. Stein did not allow himself to be relegated to one style, one era, or any one approach. He was instead forever on the search for photographic genius, however it might manifest itself in the 19th, 20th or 21st centuries. Throughout Phillips’ offering, Mr. Stein’s deep understanding of photography and his high standards for aesthetics, print quality, and condition are evident.”

Highlights from The Odyssey of Collecting: Property from Joy of Giving Something Foundation The Odyssey of Collecting: Property from Joy of Giving Something Foundation documents the continually evolving art of photography, from its 19th-century inception to the present day, and each of Phillips’ auctions will encapsulate this rich history. The inaugural sessions on 3 and 4 April will include seminal 19th-century images by William Henry Fox Talbot, one of the inventors of photography, and large-format albumen prints by Carleton Watkins and Gustave Le Gray. Eugène Atget’s Boutique de Coiffure , originally from the collection of Dada mastermind Tristan Tzara, captures the transformation of old Paris into a surreal turn-of-the-century metropolis. Photographs by Alfred Stieglitz and Edward Steichen track the medium’s transition from impressionistic Pictorialism to dynamic Modernism. László Moholy-Nagy’s unique pair of positive and negative Goerz photograms are exemplars of his efforts to expand the expressive capabilities of the still-new art. A rare early print of Imogen Cunningham’s Magnolia Blossom shows the photographer’s ability to capture the austere Modernist sublimity in nature. Robert Heinecken’s sly disruptions of the 1960s lead the way for the conceptual photography of Bernd and Hilla Becher, Idris Khan, and Gregory Crewdson.

The tremendous breadth and quality of material in this collection are a testament to Howard Stein’s discerning eye. Phillips’ three sales in April and October will present collectors with an exciting opportunity to acquire works of undisputable art historical significance with an equally impressive provenance.